PRESIDENT: A. C. Gilmore
VICE-PRESIDENT: N. N. Samus
ORGANIZING COMMITTEE: K. Aksnes, D. W. E. Green, B. G. Marsden, S. Nakano, E. Roemer, J. Ticha, H. Yamaoka
DIRECTOR OF THE BUREAU: D. W. E. Green, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A. (e-mail DGREEN@CFA.HARVARD.EDU)
ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF THE BUREAU: G. V. Williams, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
From Director Dan Green's report below it is obvious that the Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams (CBAT) continues its excellent work. The Electronic Telegrams (CBETs), established in the previous triennium, have become the regular means for fast communication, with the Circulars providing the official and archival record of discoveries and designations. It is regretted that subscriptions to the printed Circulars continue to decline, but inevitable in this age of electronic communication. The need for the Director to continually seek external funding for the Bureau is unfortunate so the Commission is grateful to the U.S. National Science Foundation for its support. The Commission is the also very grateful to Dan Green for his efforts to obtain funding, on top of the extraordinary work-load of running the Bureau. The co-operaton between the Bureau and the Minor Planet Center, where CBAT Assistant Director Gareth Williams works, provides very efficient processing and notification of comet and other solar-system discoveries.
A. C. Gilmore
President of the Commission
There were 401 IAU Circulars and 1248 Central Bureau Electronic Telegrams (CBETs) issued during the triennium 2005-2008:
Dates Circulars CBETs 2005 July-Dec. Nos. 8556-8652 Nos. 175-345 2006 Jan.-June Nos. 8653-8727 Nos. 346-565 2006 July-Dec. Nos. 8728-8789 Nos. 566-791 2007 Jan.-June Nos. 8790-8853 Nos. 792-989 2007 July-Dec. Nos. 8854-8906 Nos. 990-1189 2008 Jan.-June Nos. 8907-8956 Nos. 1190-1422
This was the second Triennium in which the Central Bureau issued electronic-only CBETs to aid in the rapid dissemination of reports. Only 174 CBETs had been issued in the 2002-2005 Triennium, but they evolved into a full supplemental and complemental publication to the Circulars during this past Triennium, reflecting the move toward electronic publication and away from printed publication. It is the intention that all items requiring designation by the Central Bureau (supernovae, novae, comets, solar-system satellites) continue to be be noted on the printed Circulars; supernovae are now published almost entirely on CBETs, due to their great numbers and to the unfortunate lack of financial support from many in the supernova community (though a few supernova researchers continue to be long-time supporters of the CBAT through their paid subscriptions), but summaries of newly announced supernovae have been published later on the Circulars with citation to the specific CBETs.
Subscribers may receive the Circulars in printed and/or electronic form, the latter being available by e-mail or by logging in to the Computer Service, either directly on the Bureau's computers or via the World Wide Web. Since 1997, the Circulars have been made freely available at the CBAT website, but following complaints by paying subscribers, the general delay in posting for non-subscribers is now about one year (expanded in late 2004 from the previous 4-6 weeks). The CBETs are also posted at the CBAT website, with the earlier CBETs also available freely (and, like the Circulars, are indexed via the web-based bibliographic "Astrophysics Data System", the ostensible replacement to the now-defunct Astronomy and Astrophysics Abstracts).
Funding is currently being sought to allow the CBAT to post all electronic Circulars and CBETs freely. A step in this direction was thankfully accomplished with the help of the U.S. National Science Foundation's accepting a proposal to fund the CBAT at a 50-percent level beginning in February 2008. Great additional effort is being expended by the CBAT Director to seek alternate -- and more extensive and long-lasting -- sources of income, including from international sources.
The number of subscriptions to the printed Circulars was around 125 at the end of June 2008, continuing the slow decline (which peaked around 800 in the 1990s). The number of subscribers to the joint Computer Service of the CBAT and the Minor Planet Center (MPC) has remained relatively stable, though it too slowly declined by about 10 percent in the last triennium (to around 435 in June 2008). There nonetheless continues to be considerable interest to maintain having a printed copy of the Circulars, though subscription rates may need to increase to cover the increasing costs of printing and postage.
Supernovae and comets have continued to dominate the activities of the Bureau, as related in the annual reports of the Bureau as published in the IAU Information Bulletins and made available at the Commission-6 website (URL http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/iau/Commission6.html). The pattern continues regarding increasing numbers of comet discoveries from NEO surveys being first reported as objects of asteroidal appearance, where they are often posted on the MPC's "NEO Confirmation" webpage because of their unusual motion -- follow-up observations then showing some of the objects to be of cometary appearance. The working link between the CBAT and MPC continues to be highly useful in the joint announcement of such objects.
The CBAT has expanded its website over the past triennium to include much information regarding supernovae, novae, comets, satellites of solar-system planets, etc. -- a snapshot of which can be gleaned from the "Headlines" webpage: http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/iau/Headlines.html . Plans are underway to complete the availability of all IAUCs back to No. 1 at the CBAT website, and to provide better indexing of the online Circulars and to provide flexibility for subscribers in terms of what sorts of CBETs and/or IAUCs they would like to receive by subject or type of object. The CBAT Director interacts with members of numerous other Commissions at the triennial IAU General Assemblies and during the course of the triennium by e-mail in efforts to increase the value of the CBAT to all astronomers, and all scientists are encouraged to dialogue with the CBAT Director regarding how the work of the CBAT can be more useful to their own work.
Amateur astronomers in numerous countries are finding more supernovae during dedicated CCD surveys, and amateurs still dominate in finding Galactic novae. Their help with follow-up observations (astrometry, photometry) of new comets, novae and supernovae is also appreciated by the CBAT. The IAU Circulars have continued to serve as the official announcement medium for the annual Edgar Wilson Award for amateur discoveries of comets.
Since the IAU Circulars are in fact refereed (to a greater extent than many contributors realize), the CBAT benefits from consultation with members of Commission 6 in their various areas of astronomical expertise, as well as referees from the general astronomical community.
D. W. E. Green
Director of the Bureau
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